Country Information Sheets

This section contains datasheets on compliance regimes in the different IPEEC and G20 countries included in this study. 

BEET3 country profile list

No building code exists in Argentina. A voluntary classification scheme was initiated at the federal level for energy efficiency of building envelopes. This initiative supports the three main components of the National Programme for Rational Use...

Start year: 2003

Australia first introduced energy efficiency measures for residential buildings into the Building Code of Australia in 2003. Since then, energy efficiency requirements have improved three times under the code, for both residential and non-...

No minimum energy performance requirements exist in Brazil. In 2001, Law 10.295, regulating the National Policy for Conservation and Rational Use of Energy was introduced. Under this legislation Brazil has developed methodologies for evaluating...

Start year: 1978

Canada’s federal government does not have authority to pass mandatory building codes. Thus, both of the residential and commercial codes are model codes and have to be adopted by provinces and territories. The first attempt at a national energy...

Start year: 1986

In 1986, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) issued the Design Standard for Energy Efficiency of Residential Buildings (JGJ 26-86). This Design Standard only covered buildings in the northern heating zone and required a...

Start year: 1955

France has had prescriptive building energy efficiency requirements since 1955. The first performance-based standard was implemented in 2005 following the release of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) requirements in 2002. The...

Start year: 1977

Germany has had building energy efficiency requirements since 1977. The first performance-based code, the Ordinance on Energy Saving in Buildings (EnEv) was introduced following the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) in 2002. The...

India’s national building energy code, Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), is voluntary, however, it establishes minimum energy efficiency requirements for commercial buildings’ envelope, lighting, HVAC, electrical system, water heating and...

Start year: 2005

Indonesia has four energy standards for buildings (Standar Nasional Indonesia/SNI), which cover the building envelope, air conditioning, lighting and building energy auditing. In 2005, Indonesia adopted laws that mandated for all buildings to...

Start year: 1973

The national government implements and monitors energy policy, such as the Energy Performance in Buildings Directive (EPBD) and other European directives. In 2015, the national government adopted 3 new decrees unifying national building energy...

In 1979, Japan issued the Energy Conservation Law, or Law on Rational Use of Energy.

Start year: 2000 - 2009

Mexico is currently developing its national building code. The proposed code is based U.S.'s International Code Council methodology. Currently, Mexico relies on official and voluntary standards. Although mandatory, official standards must be...

Start year: 1978

New Zealand has had national mandatory requirements for thermal insulation in new homes since 1978. When the government introduced the performance-based New Zealand Building Code (NZBC) in 1993, these requirements were converted to performance...

Energy codes in Russia can be said to date back to 1955, when Construction Norms and Rules (Russian abbreviation SNiP) first linked building envelope construction and heat loses and established norms (limits) for energy characteristics of...

Published in 2007, based on the International Energy Conservation Code. The requirement establish minimum prescriptive and performance related regulations for the design of energy- efficient building and structures or portions thereof that...

Start year: 1979

The government of Singapore adopted the first building energy standards in 1979. The standards addressed thermal performance of the envelope as well as building controls (ventilation, cooling and lighting). Singapore’s more recent mandatory...

Start year: 2011

The National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act (No. 103 of 1977) was amended in 2011 to incorporate energy use in buildings. South African national standard SANS 0204: Energy Efficiency in Buildings was published in 2011. SANS...

Start year: 1977

South Korea issued its first mandatory standard on insulation thickness in 1977, followed by other building energy standards. These standards covered offices, hotels, hospitals and residential buildings. In 2001, the Korean government integrated...

Start year: 1979

Spain issues its first energy code in 1979, but it only covered the building envelope. The most recent code, Código Técnico de la Edificación (CTE), was first approved in 2006 and was subsequently revised in 2008 and 2010. The latest revisions to...

Turkey’s building energy regulation focuses on thermal resistance. The National Standard of Thermal Insulation Requirements for Buildings TS 825 was first issued in 1999 and became mandatory in June 2000. This standard has been revised several...

UK

Start year: 1976

Each constituent part of the UK (England Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) sets its own requirements. England and Wales first included energy conservation in building regulations in 1976, whereas Scotland and Northern Ireland...

USA

Start year: 1975

In the United States, the national model energy codes began in 1975, with ASHRAE Standard 90-75. Model energy codes are developed by two private sector organizations: the American Society for Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers...