从建筑业和房地产业视角看欧洲节能建筑投资前景

Report bundle / Business / Europe
Authors: 经济学人信息部 (EIU), GBPN委托, 与BPIE合作

与BPIE合作,由GBPN委托经济学人信息部(EIU)完成的一份欧洲调查报告显示,房地产和施工管理人员相信欧洲对建筑节能和建筑能效的立法对建筑行业是有利的。尽管金融危机造成了房地产估值的下降趋势,对既有建筑的改造可能是一个扭转趋势的机会。规范的不确定性是提高节能投资的主要障碍。

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Glossary

The building energy consumption is the amount of energy consumed in the form in which the user acquires it. The term excludes electrical generation and distribution losses. [Source: BPIE Glossary]

Deep Renovation or Deep Energy Renovation is a term for a building renovation that captures the full economic energy efficiency potential of improvements. This typically includes a focus on the building shell of existing buildings in order to achieve very high-energy performance. The renovated building consumes 75% less primary energy compared to the status of the existing building before the renovation. The energy consumption after renovation for heating, cooling, ventilation, hot water and lighting, is less than 60 kWh/m2/yr. (Definition often used in Europe) [Source: GBPN, 2012]

Deep retrofit or Deep Energy Retrofit implies replacing existing systems in a building with similar ones that are of higher quality and performance, which leads to a better energy performance of an existing building. The primary energy consumption includes energy used for heating, cooling, ventilation, hot water, lighting, installed equipment and appliances. After the deep retrofit the buildings consume 50% less primary energy compared to the status of theexisting building/s the retrofit (Definition mainly used in US). [Source: GBPN, 2012]

Under this 2010 Directive, Member States must establish and apply minimum energy performance requirements for new and existing buildings, ensure the certification of building energy performance and require the regular inspection of boilers and air conditioning systems in buildings. Moreover, the Directive requires Member States to ensure that by 2021 all new buildings are so-called 'nearly zero-energy buildings'. [Source: European Commission]

Project finance, by contrast to balance sheet financing (loans, debt and equity), bases its collateral on a project’s cash flow expectations, not on individuals or institutions’ credit‐worthiness. It is off‐balance sheet financing. A typical project finance is divided between debt and equity financing. Debt is usually a conventional commercial bank loan to which a customer pays interest (i.e. thereby paying for the loan and the price of the debt). Lenders normally charge a pre‐determined rate of interest that is set by adding an interest margin to the banks standard inter-bank lending rate, which represents its income. [Source: IEA (2010) Money Matters]