South-East Asia

Over the next 4 decades building floor area is projected to grow by 280 billion m2 (over 3 trillion sq.ft). After demolition rates are factored in this equates to adding an average of 6.5 billion m2 (70 billion sq.ft) of new floor area annually – equivalent to constructing the entire building stock of Japan every year from now until 2060 (IEA, 2017). The majority of this growth in new floor area will occur in non-OECD Asia (India and S.E. Asia) and China.

Residential building energy use accounts for nearly 75% of total global annual consumption, and has increased by an average of 30% since 1990. This equates to about 42% of annual building-related GHG emissions or 5.5GtCO2. In rapidly growing economies such as India and Indonesia residential building energy use has increased by more than 50% over the same period. This trend is accelerating, with the largest projected growth in energy demand from buildings in the next decade coming from new residential construction in warm climates in Non-OECD Asia.

The Global Building Performance Network’s (GBPN) focus over the next two years is therefore on Asian and S.E. Asian markets where floor area and energy demand for space cooling is increasing rapidly, and building energy demand remains poorly regulated.

Our new ‘Policy Strategy for Decarbonizing the Buildings Sector’ aims to directly support adoption and implementation of building energy codes across South East Asia with a focus on expanding the coverage of residential energy codes in Indonesia and India, and also develop capability of policy makers across SE Asia to implement them.

We will do this by:

  • Working with a broad range of stakeholders, including governments, cities and local authorities, universities and research centers, international experts, and NGOs

  • providing technical assistance and training in order to build local capabilities to design and implement ambitious building energy codes, emphasising the residential building

  • developing and deploying resources through our network of experts who provide experience and best practice knowledge to governments,

  • leveraging existing relationships with government agencies in India, China, and ASEAN members Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore and The Philippines.


Previously, GBPN supported the following projects in South East Asia:

The Common Carbon Metric 2.0 (CCM2.0) 

The Common Carbon Metric 2.0 (CCM2.0) is a tool for measuring building energy related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy savings potential of the stock of new and existing buildings in an investment portfolio, municipality, region or country.
CCM2.0 generates an energy demand and GHG emissions base-line and enables the development of energy saving and GHG mitigation scenarios that can be used to support applications for climate finance for mitigation actions in the buildings sector under UNFCCC mechanisms such as the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) and the Green Climate Fund (GCF.)

The tool is based on a calculation methodology that conforms to ‘measurable, reportable and verifiable (MRV)’ data standards. It supports:

Measurement of energy use and related GHG emissions from buildings & serves as the basis for assessing the 
potential for certain mitigation actions 

Reporting on the country’s/city’s GHG emissions and appropriate mitigation actions 

Verification of the compliance with mitigation commitments by enabling updating of energy use and emissions data over time.

For further information check the CCM2.0 website.


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