China

Link to full info sheet as PDF

Code Development

Summary

In 1986, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) issued the Design Standard for Energy Efficiency of Residential Buildings (JGJ 26-86). This Design Standard only covered buildings in the northern heating zone and required a 30% cut in energy consumption for space heating compared to reference buildings from 1980. 

Start Year

Exact Start Year

1986

Start Year Range

1980 - 1989

Revision Schedule

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Existing Code Coverage

  • Commercial
  • Residential
Stakeholder Engagement

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Best Practices

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Code Implementation - Compliance & Enforcement

Administrative/Enforcement Structures

Local construction departments are in charge of local compliance and enforcement activities. Local quality supervision stations supervise the work quality of third parties, especially construction companies and construction inspection companies. Construction inspection companies are third-party enforcers that determine whether the construction complies with the approved building designs, construction codes and the codes for acceptance of construction.

Compliance Checking on Design

Yes, compliance is checked on Design

Compliance Checking on Construction

Yes, compliance is checked on Construction

Compliance Checking on Pre-Occupancy

NA, compliance varies by jurisdiction – refer to country information sheet for details

Air Tightness testing

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Commissioning before occupancy

Yes, commissioning is happening before occupancy

Commissioning after occupancy

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Software Residential

Yes, Software exists

Name of Software

PKPM-Energy (i.e. PKPM HEC, CHEC, WHEC and PBEC)

Short description

Chinese codes do not require using software to demonstrate and verify code compliance, and architects can choose other approaches to demonstrating compliance. 

Compliance Software Non-Residential

Yes, Software exists

Name of Software

PKPM-Energy (i.e. PKPM HEC, CHEC, WHEC and PBEC), Tangent-BEC and THS-BECS

Short description

Chinese codes do not require using software to demonstrate and verify code compliance, and architects can choose other approaches to demonstrating compliance.

Penalties for non-compliance

  • Refusal Permission to construct
  • Refusal Permission to occupy
  • Suspension or loss of licence
  • Publication of names of property owners who fail to comply
  • Other

Other penalties

Fines

Short description

License suspension of third-party inspectors in the case of fraud or severe fault.

Incentives and Recognition program for compliance

  • Finance/Loans/Ratings

Short description

The Chinese government has issued a series of tax incentives, including fixed asset investment regulation tax, income tax and value added tax. These tax incentives apply to both new energy efficient buildings construction and new wall materials production and use.

Compliance Rate monitoring

Yes, it exists

Short description

To enforce energy codes, the Chinese government has issued a code for acceptance of energy efficient construction. MOHURD has annually assessed compliance since 2005.

Compliance Rate Publicised

Yes, it exists

Short description

Partially available. MOHURD released their annual compliance assessment results.

Compliance Lessons Learned

Yes, it exists

Short description

After China conducted compliance assessment, the compliance rate increased significantly.

Compliance Energy Use Statistics

Yes, it exists

Short description

Not publicly available.

Compliance Rate in %

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Capacity Building and Education

Awareness Raising

  • Resourse kits
  • Compliance Training

Short description

Capacity building and education programs are offered to designers, engineers and government officials. There are separate training programs for third-party inspectors who want to obtain their licenses. 

Building materials

Building Materials Ratings

  • Tested by certified test labs
  • Manufacturers provide samples

Short description

Building materials are rated in China, but this is not mandatory. The Certification and Accreditation Administration (CNCA), under General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), manages the certification system of the testing labs for building materials.

Energy Performance Certificates

EPC Implementation

  • EPCs are referred to in codes -

Short description

China has energy performance certificates that are issued based on both design and post-occupancy energy efficiency (while codes are design standards). Codes and energy performance certificates are enforced separately. But provincial or local offices of the Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development are in charge of managing and guiding provincial or local energy performance certificates.