South Korea

Link to full info sheet as PDF

Code Development

Summary

South Korea issued its first mandatory standard on insulation thickness in 1977, followed by other building energy standards. These standards covered offices, hotels, hospitals and residential buildings. In 2001, the Korean government integrated the separate energy standards into the Building Design Criteria for Energy Saving, which is mandatory code for all types of buildings. The code focuses on large buildings, and, therefore, such buildings have more detailed provisions available. 

Start Year

Exact Start Year

1977

Start Year Range

< 1980

Revision Schedule

Yes, a revision schedule exists

Existing Code Coverage

  • Commercial
  • Residential
Stakeholder Engagement

  • Technical Committee
Best Practices

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Code Implementation - Compliance & Enforcement

Administrative/Enforcement Structures

The property owner must fill out an energy-saving worksheet (Energy Conservation Plan) and submit it to local governmental offices to obtain a building permit. Local government building officials, sometimes with assistance from KEMCO, review construction plans and energy conservation plans execute the codes as part of the building permitting process for new buildings.

Compliance Checking on Design

Yes, compliance is checked on Design

Compliance Checking on Construction

NA, compliance varies by jurisdiction – refer to country information sheet for details

Compliance Checking on Pre-Occupancy

NA, compliance varies by jurisdiction – refer to country information sheet for details

Air Tightness testing

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Commissioning before occupancy

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Commissioning after occupancy

Yes, commissioning is happening after occupancy

Compliance Software Residential

Yes, Software exists

Name of Software

Energy Performance Index (EPI)

Short description

KEMCO developed simple, web-based software to help with compliance and calculations, called the Energy Performance Index (EPI). All private buildings must satisfy all mandatory items of the code and reach at least 60 points of the EPI in Construction Design, Machinery Design, Electric Facility Design and Renewable Energy Facility Design. (For public building the minimum score is 74 points). Use of this software is optional.

Compliance Software Non-Residential

Yes, Software exists

Name of Software

Energy Performance Index (EPI)

Short description

KEMCO developed simple, web-based software to help with compliance and calculations, called the Energy Performance Index (EPI). All private buildings must satisfy all mandatory items of the code and reach at least 60 points of the EPI in Construction Design, Machinery Design, Electric Facility Design and Renewable Energy Facility Design. (For public building the minimum score is 74 points). Use of this software is optional. (www.kemco.or.kr/building/v2/.)

Penalties for non-compliance

  • Refusal Permission to construct
Incentives and Recognition program for compliance

  • Awards/Grants/Tax Breaks
  • Finance/Loans/Ratings

Short description

Buildings that obtained an energy performance certificate are eligible for long-term and low-interest loans. KEMCO is planning to develop other financial support programs. For existing buildings with annual energy consumption over 2,000 tonnes of oil equivalent, the government launched a Voluntary Agreements programs, providing low-interest loans, tax incentives, technical support and public recognition in exchange for 5% reduction in energy consumption.

Compliance Rate monitoring

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Rate Publicised

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Lessons Learned

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Energy Use Statistics

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Rate in %

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Capacity Building and Education

Awareness Raising

  • Compliance Training

Building materials

Building Materials Ratings

  • Reference standards included in codes
  • Tested by certified test labs

Short description

The Korean code references testing and material standards mostly from the Korean Agency for Technology and Standards. In other cases, the code either spells out the testing procedure or references other government provisions. Testing is performed by various accredited testing agencies, such as Korea Institute of Construction Materials, Korea Electric Testing Institute, Korea Institute of Lighting Technology, Korea Institute of Construction Technology.

Energy Performance Certificates

EPC Implementation

  • EPCs are referred to in codes -

Short description

The Korean government requires that apartment complexes with 500 or more households obtain an EPC under the Housing Performance Grading Indication System. The government introduced this scheme in 2006 to help prospective users select high quality homes. The system consists of 20 components, one of which is thermal performance. Korea has other building labeling schemes. Even though they are voluntary, some requirements, such as mandatory energy audits, are waived for certified buildings.