爱尔兰

总结、概要

爱尔兰建筑法规第L部分是绩效型建筑规范,并要求进行强制性能源框架计算以确定可以与相关参考建筑相比的能效系数(EPC)和碳排放绩效系数(CPC)。此规范分为两部分,“住宅”(2011)和非“住宅”建筑(2008)。这两个部分为每个类型建筑物都制定了具体要求。此规范将围护热工性能要求和耗能系统 (包括HVAC、热水、照明)纳入EPC和CPC计算中。

爱尔兰自1991年起就有了指定型建筑能效要求。在2002年发布EPBD后,爱尔兰颁布了了首部绩效型建筑规范,而且最新版的规范进一步强化以满足EPBD的2010年版的要求。第L部分和相关国家政策采纳了很多进步和动态内容,包括对新建建筑进行强制性计算机建模、制定了较低U值、所有新建住宅都需进行气密性测试、生物气候设计、强制性可再生能源使用要求、严格的入住前调试、和2013年前建造近零能耗建筑的国家 目标。

一般信息

规范的全称

建筑法规 : 第L部分-非住宅建筑燃料与能源节约

颁布年份

2008

主管机关

Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government with the Building Regulations Advisory Body (BARB)

连接

http://www.environ.ie/en/Publications/DevelopmentandHousing/BuildingStandards/Fi...

链接至相关网页

http://www.sustainablebuildingscentre.org/countries/Ireland

规范恢复

地理位置覆盖

爱尔兰

规范设置在:

全国 水平

范围

建筑规范的范围:

  • 住宅建筑
    • 单户
    • 多户建筑
  • Commercial buildings
    • 写字楼
    • 零售与批发
    • 酒店
    • Hospitals
    • 教学楼
  • Public buildings
    • Offices
    • 医院
    • Educational buildings

GBPN气候分类:

  • 供暖型

建筑规范的类型

建筑规范的类型:

  • 样板规范、框架或实际规范:
    National Code.
  • 新建建筑性能规范:
    Ireland’s Part L is a performance-based code that requires a mandatory energy frame calculation to establish the Energy Performance Coefficient (EPC) and Carbon Performance Coefficient (CPC) in comparison with a relevant reference building.
  • 能耗声明:
    Energy declaration is currently required for Public Buildings over 1000m2. Since the 9th January 2013 all private and public buildings frequently visited by the Public over 500m2 are required to declare energy use.
  • 样板/参考建筑:
    The DEAP/NEAP software calculates the primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions of the whole building in comparison with a similar reference building.

涉及的能源

能源要求的基础:

  • 一次能源:
    The primary energy calculation establishes the CO2 emissions and energy consumption associated with the building and is calculated using the DEAP or NEAP software.
  • 寿命周期评估(隐含能源):
    Not for individual buildings. However, from March 2013 Regulations will be reviewed to ensure Cost Optimality at a global level as required by Recast EPBD.

建筑规范包括的能源消耗和功能:

  • 供暖
  • 制冷
  • 通风
  • 气密性
  • 热桥
  • 热水
  • 建筑物组成部分(电梯、水泵等)
  • 照明
  • 建筑的设计、位置和朝向
  • 热量回收
  • 被动式太阳能
  • Passive cooling
  • 自然通风
  • 遮阳
  • 日光照明要求
  • 可再生能源 (太阳能、光伏等):
    Dwellings, a reasonable proportion of the energy to be provided by renewable energy.10 kWh/m2/annum contributing to energy use for domestic hot water heating, space heating or cooling; or 4 kWh/m2/annum of electrical energy; or a combination.

实施

建筑规范的实施情况:

强制性执行

实施类型:

  • 本地执行
  • 申请人认证

现场检查发生

  • 施工期间
  • 竣工后

支持规范实施的认证:

  • 能耗性能证书(EPC)支持建筑规范
  • 超出最低建筑规范要求的建筑标识
  • 能源补偿/绿色证书
    • 通过认证的建筑数量:
      295269
  • 锅炉检验
  • 暖通空调系统检验

不合规的惩罚:

  • Fine
  • 拒发入住许可

支持实施的措施:

  • 调试要求
  • 合规前要求进行的气密性测试
  • 强制计算机建模模拟
  • 检验人员培训

新建筑值

Dwellings

GBPN气候分类

供暖型

Coefficient for Comparison of Climate Zones

0.00

中值最小最大
采暖度日 (°C)2999--
制冷度日 (°C)9--
U值 (W/m²K)
屋顶0.16屋顶20.2
0.21墙2-
地面0.21地面2-
窗户1.6窗户2-
其他---
整体U值---
窗户1窗户2
G 值 / 太阳得热系数--
可视传输--
百分比--

其他要求设定:

  • Thermal bridge demands
  • 通风,通风设备:
    Minimum performance levels for mechanical ventilation systems include; Residential - Specific Fan Power (SFP) for continuous supply only and continuous extract only - 0.8 W/litre/sec, SFP for balanced systems - 1.5 W/lit re/sec.
  • Domestic Hot Water COP - Heat Pump:
    Hot water systems should be as efficient in use as reasonably practicable. For fully pumped hot water-based central heating systems utilising oil or gas, the boiler seasonal efficiency should be not less than 90% as specified in the DEAP manual.
  • Value for airtightness:
    7 m3/hr/m2 at 50 Pascals
  • 热回收
  • 暖通空调技术系统
  • 高效照明

能源绩效(性能)

60.00kwh

Buildings other than Dwellings

GBPN气候分类

供暖型

Coefficient for Comparison of Climate Zones

0.00

中值最小最大
采暖度日 (°C)2999--
制冷度日 (°C)9--
U值 (W/m²K)
屋顶0.16屋顶20.22
0.27墙2-
地面0.25地面2-
窗户2.2窗户2-
其他---
整体U值---
窗户1窗户2
G 值 / 太阳得热系数--
可视传输--
百分比--

其他要求设定:

  • Thermal bridge demands
  • 通风,通风设备:
    Non-residential, the SFP of ACMV systems should be no greater than 2.0 W/litre/second, For new ACMV systems in refurbished buildings the SFP should be no greater than 3.0 W/litre/second.
  • Domestic Hot Water COP - Heat Pump:
    Hot water systems should be as efficient in use as reasonably practicable.
  • Value for airtightness:
    7 m3/hr/m2 at 50 Pascals
  • 热回收
  • 暖通空调技术系统
  • 高效照明

能源绩效(性能)

100.00kwh

规范历史和未来目标

设定要求的一般流程:

  • 未来目标制定提前多长时间?:
    2013
    CO2 neutral.
  • 利益团体提前很多时间得到未来目标的通知。

零能耗目标:

  • 不包括所有的终端用能设备
  • 准备好现实的路线图:
    Partially, currently being prepared. Was submitted to the EU commission in Oct 2012 and will undergo Public Consultation thereafter.
  • 全国达到近零能耗目标日期:
    Net zero energy buildings by 2013.
  • 公共建筑特殊要求:
    Public sector to advise the 2015 target in 2013.
  • 链接

较早规范数量

4

超过最低标准的现行水平(现行规范)

3

未来可能采用的规范数量

3

Is there a Zero Energy Target

2013

多重数据组:

  • Levels beyond minimum:
    3
  • Year historic or aspirational codes (planned) :
    2008
  • Baseline (actual code if nothing else):
    60% less energy than 2008 code requirements.
  • 预期能耗的实际消耗
    • Relative target in percent:
      0
  • Levels set in primary energy
  • Levels set in GHG emissions

支持措施

利益相关群体参与规范制定

Stakeholders are involved in the development of the code.

在规范实施后提供给利益相关群体的培训水平?

Performance specifications and general guidance on compliance is provided in TGD. Training is through continuing professional development bodies, training is provided to installers through warranty companies. Workshops are also held.

向普通大众提供合适的信息

Information is provided to the public through seminars and online resources.

支持标识计划

EBPD Building Energy Rating.

支持认证计划

There are number of certification schemes available including Better Energy Warmer Homes Scheme, Greener Homes Scheme, Home Energy Saving scheme, National Retrofit programme, Better Energy: The National Upgrade Residential Programme,

规范是否免费获取?

Yes: http://www.environ.ie/en/Publications/DevelopmentandHousing/BuildingStandards/FileDownLoad,27316,en.pdf

有关规范获取的文本

http://www.environ.ie/en/Publications/DevelopmentandHousing/BuildingStandards/FileDownLoad,27316,en.pdf

同其他数据库链接

Text

IEA's Sustainable Buildings Centre BEEP Database.

Link

http://www.sustainablebuildingscentre.org/countries/Ireland