立陶宛

总结、概要

立陶宛建筑技术法规是一部强制的绩效型法规。该法规要求进行能源框架计算(参考建筑物)以确定新建住宅和非住宅建筑物的最大允许能耗。此法规还为进行改造的既有建筑制定能源框架,该框架通常比新建建筑能效低20-30%。规范涉及计算中考虑的热封套要求以及耗能系统,包括HVAC、热水、照明和生物气候设计计划等。 法规将围护热工性能要求和耗能系统 (包括HVAC、热水、照明、生物气候设计和可再生能源等)纳入能源框架计算。

立陶宛制定建筑能效要求的历史较短。在瑞典和爱沙尼亚的协助下,立陶宛在1994年制定了首部指定型能效要求。在2002年发布EPBD后,立陶宛很快于2005年制定了第一部绩效型建筑规范,且包括一些动态规定:如降低最大u值、热桥线性要求、热回收考虑、锅炉和HVAC强制调试和测试、气密性测试以及对所有能源专家/检验人员进行强制培训等。

一般信息

规范的全称

2005 建筑技术法规 STR 2.01.09:2005

颁布年份

2005

实施时间

Thursday, September 1, 2005

主管机关

Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Energy.

规范恢复

地理位置覆盖

立陶宛

规范设置在:

全国 水平

范围

建筑规范的范围:

  • 住宅建筑
    • 单户
    • 多户建筑
  • Commercial buildings
    • 写字楼
    • 零售与批发
    • 酒店
    • Hospitals
    • 教学楼
  • Public buildings
    • Offices
    • 医院
    • Educational buildings
  • 所有城市建筑

GBPN气候分类:

  • 供暖型

建筑规范的类型

建筑规范的类型:

  • 样板规范、框架或实际规范:
    National Code
  • 新建建筑性能规范:
    Lithuania’s mandatory Technical Regulation of Construction is a performance-based code that requires an energy frame (reference building) calculation to establish the maximum allowable energy consumption of new residential and non-residential buildings.
  • 能耗声明:
    EPC
  • 样板/参考建筑:
    The energy performance efficiency of each building is evaluated solely using the reference building method, that is, a comparison between the normative, the reference and the calculated energy consumption value for each building.

涉及的能源

能源要求的基础:

  • 总体性能框架:
    Maximum energy demand - The calculation method does not set any requirements for primary energy consumption values in buildings. The energy performance efficiency of each building is evaluated solely using the reference building method, that is, a comparison between the normative, the reference and the calculated energy consumption value for each building. The certification of buildings in Lithuania is based on calculations and building audits, but not on the measurement of energy consumption.

建筑规范包括的能源消耗和功能:

  • 供暖
  • 通风
  • 气密性
  • 热桥
  • 热水
  • 照明
  • 建筑的设计、位置和朝向
  • 热量回收
  • 被动式太阳能
  • Passive cooling
  • 自然通风
  • 遮阳
  • 日光照明要求

实施

建筑规范的实施情况:

强制性执行

实施类型:

  • 本地执行
  • 第三方检验

现场检查发生

  • 施工期间

支持规范实施的认证:

  • 能耗性能证书(EPC)支持建筑规范
  • 超出最低建筑规范要求的建筑标识
  • Other buildings
  • 锅炉检验
  • 暖通空调系统检验

不合规的惩罚:

支持实施的措施:

  • 调试要求
  • 检验人员培训

新建筑值

Residential and Non-Residential Building

GBPN气候分类

供暖型

Coefficient for Comparison of Climate Zones

0.00

中值最小最大
采暖度日 (°C)4052--
制冷度日 (°C)25--
U值 (W/m²K)
屋顶0.16屋顶2-
0.2墙2-
地面0.25地面2-
窗户1.6窗户2-
其他---
整体U值---
窗户1窗户2
G 值 / 太阳得热系数--
可视传输--
百分比--

其他要求设定:

  • Thermal bridge demands
  • Overall Thermal bridge max value:
    ΨN 0.18
  • 通风,通风设备:
    Depends on the type and size of system.
  • Domestic Hot Water COP - Heat Pump:
    Depends on the type and size of system.
  • Value for airtightness:
    For naturally ventilated buildings, maximum n50=3 h-1, for mechanically ventilated buildings, maximum n50=1.5 h-1.
  • 热回收
  • 暖通空调技术系统
  • 高效照明

能源绩效(性能)

80.00kwh

规范历史和未来目标

设定要求的一般流程:

  • 未来目标制定提前多长时间?:
    2018, 2020
  • 利益团体提前很多时间得到未来目标的通知。

零能耗目标:

  • 不包括所有的终端用能设备
  • 没有准备好现实的路线图:
    Not at this stage.
  • 全国达到近零能耗目标日期:
    Not at this stage.
  • 公共建筑特殊要求:
    According to the Building Technical Regulation STR 2.01.09:2005, it is required that, in large buildings (public buildings) with a heated area of over 1,000 m2 , such as hotels, administrative, trade, services, restoration, transport, culture, education, health care and buildings destined for recreation, the valid energy performance certificate, less than 10 years old, is displayed at a prominent place, clearly visible to the public.

多重数据组:

  • Levels beyond minimum:
    2
  • Year historic or aspirational codes (planned) :
    2020

支持措施

是否有 鼓励人们超最低要求的激励措施/奖励?

The National Energy Efficiency Programme for 2006–2010 is an inter-institutional a program providing for organizational, legal, economic, and technological improvement and introduction, applied research, public education and awareness raising measures, aimed at increasing the efficient use of energy resources and energy, as well as the monitoring of their implementation.

利益相关群体参与规范制定

Yes

在规范实施后提供给利益相关群体的培训水平?

Yes

向普通大众提供合适的信息

Promotional and informational seminars have been organized for institutions and organizations that were interested. In the first stage of the certification system, information campaigns focused essentially on municipalities, specialists and professionals of the building sector.

确保能力的教育系统

Yes

支持标识计划

Yes

支持认证计划

Yes

规范是否免费获取?

No