Australia first introduced energy efficiency measures for residential buildings into the Building Code of Australia in 2003. Since then, energy efficiency requirements have improved three times under the code, for both residential and non-residential buildings. The most recent improvements took place in 2010.
Exact Start Year
Start Year Range
2000 - 2009
Revision Schedule Explanation
Australia plans to introduce revisions in 2019.
|Existing Code Coverage|
Enforcement model: local government sets regulatory environment, monitors and enforces compliance. Third-party assessors may also participate in checking compliance at design stage and during construction.
|Compliance Checking on Design|
|Compliance Checking on Construction|
|Compliance Checking on Pre-Occupancy|
|Air Tightness testing|
|Commissioning before occupancy|
|Commissioning after occupancy|
|Compliance Software Residential|
Name of Software
AccuRate, BERS Pro, FirstRate 5 and BASIX
The Star Rating is used for regulating the thermal performance of homes. AccuRate, BERS Pro, FirstRate 5 and BASIX offer Star Rating. Software for residential buildings must meet standards set in the Nationwide House Energy Rating Scheme (NatHERS) Software Accreditation Protocol.
|Compliance Software Non-Residential|
Name of Software
National Australian Built Environment Rating System (NABERS)
Software for commercial buildings must meet accreditation of the Australian Building Codes Board. NABERS is a commonly used software.
|Penalties for non-compliance|
Fines are theoretically possible but rarely applied
|Incentives and Recognition program for compliance|
Various tiers of the government offer grant programs, and sectors of industry provide their own best practice benchmarks through voluntary mechanisms. Many industry associations feature an award category for buildings with exemplary energy efficiency or sustainable design practice. Other incentives include voluntary building industry initiatives, rebates, energy auditing programs, national industry rating systems such as GreenStar.
|Compliance Rate monitoring|
|Compliance Rate Publicised|
|Compliance Lessons Learned|
Compliance studies showed that there is significant non-compliance or under-compliance, poor industry knowledge and practice, cost cutting, lack of enforcement and that there is limited value in putting up stringencies further if practitioners are not complying with the existing requirements.
|Compliance Energy Use Statistics|
|Compliance Rate in %|
Programs focused on engaging with industry through surveys, seminars, workshops and technical committees to identify issues and possible solutions, as well as on refocusing from the importance of energy efficiency to the importance of making it work.
|Building Materials Ratings|
Building materials are rated through voluntary industry schemes, but have to meet referenced standards in the code. There is no national labelling scheme for energy efficient building products, but building designer and inspector need to certify that the building materials, along with other features of the building, can meet the performance requirements of the code, including, where necessary, satisfying standards that are referenced.