Link to full info sheet as PDF

Code Development


Australia first introduced energy efficiency measures for residential buildings into the Building Code of Australia in 2003. Since then, energy efficiency requirements have improved three times under the code, for both residential and non-residential buildings. The most recent improvements took place in 2010. 

Start Year

Exact Start Year


Start Year Range

2000 - 2009

Revision Schedule

Yes, a revision schedule exists

Revision Schedule Explanation

Australia plans to introduce revisions in 2019.

Existing Code Coverage

  • Commercial
  • Residential
Stakeholder Engagement

  • Working group
  • Technical Committee
  • Websites
  • Surveys
Best Practices

Code Implementation - Compliance & Enforcement

Administrative/Enforcement Structures

Enforcement model: local government sets regulatory environment, monitors and enforces compliance. Third-party assessors may also participate in checking compliance at design stage and during construction.

Compliance Checking on Design

Yes, compliance is checked on Design

Compliance Checking on Construction

Yes, compliance is checked on Construction

Compliance Checking on Pre-Occupancy

NA, compliance varies by jurisdiction – refer to country information sheet for details

Air Tightness testing

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Commissioning before occupancy

Yes, commissioning is happening before occupancy

Commissioning after occupancy

Yes, commissioning is happening after occupancy

Compliance Software Residential

Yes, Software exists

Name of Software

AccuRate, BERS Pro, FirstRate 5 and BASIX

Short description

The Star Rating is used for regulating the thermal performance of homes. AccuRate, BERS Pro, FirstRate 5 and BASIX offer Star Rating. Software for residential buildings must meet standards set in the Nationwide House Energy Rating Scheme (NatHERS) Software Accreditation Protocol. 

Compliance Software Non-Residential

Yes, Software exists

Name of Software

National Australian Built Environment Rating System (NABERS)

Short description

Software for commercial buildings must meet accreditation of the Australian Building Codes Board. NABERS is a commonly used software.

Penalties for non-compliance

  • Refusal Permission to construct
  • Refusal Permission to occupy
  • Suspension or loss of licence
  • Other

Other penalties

Fines are theoretically possible but rarely applied

Incentives and Recognition program for compliance

  • Awards/Grants/Tax Breaks
  • Finance/Loans/Ratings

Short description

Various tiers of the government offer grant programs, and sectors of industry provide their own best practice benchmarks through voluntary mechanisms. Many industry associations feature an award category for buildings with exemplary energy efficiency or sustainable design practice. Other incentives include voluntary building industry initiatives, rebates, energy auditing programs, national industry rating systems such as GreenStar.

Compliance Rate monitoring

Yes, it exists

Compliance Rate Publicised

Yes, it exists

Compliance Lessons Learned

Yes, it exists

Short description

Compliance studies showed that there is significant non-compliance or under-compliance, poor industry knowledge and practice, cost cutting, lack of enforcement and that there is limited value in putting up stringencies further if practitioners are not complying with the existing requirements.

Compliance Energy Use Statistics

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Rate in %

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Capacity Building and Education

Awareness Raising

  • Awareness raising
  • Resourse kits
  • Compliance Training
  • Online resources -
  • Professional Curriculum

Short description

Programs focused on engaging with industry through surveys, seminars, workshops and technical committees to identify issues and possible solutions, as well as on refocusing from the importance of energy efficiency to the importance of making it work.

Building materials

Building Materials Ratings

  • Reference standards included in codes
  • Tested by certified test labs

Short description

Building materials are rated through voluntary industry schemes, but have to meet referenced standards in the code. There is no national labelling scheme for energy efficient building products, but building designer and inspector need to certify that the building materials, along with other features of the building, can meet the performance requirements of the code, including, where necessary, satisfying standards that are referenced.

Energy Performance Certificates

EPC Implementation

  • Mandatory disclosure commercial -
  • Mandatory disclosure residential -