新加坡

总结、概要

 

新加坡的强制规范对所有新建住宅和非住宅建筑都适用,覆盖了所有单栋面积至少2000平方米的建筑。能耗性能标准是根据一个打分系统划分的环境性能等级评定的,这也允许了项目可自行选择采取哪些节能措施来满足最低50分的要求。标准同时也对两类建筑都规定了一些强制元素,包括外围护热工性能,空调暖通节能性能,照明,气密性和多级量测。

这个规范在2008年开始执行并大量采用了2005年自愿性的绿色标识标准,该绿色标识标准发布的目的是推动新加坡建筑向环境友好型发展。 绿色标识评分系统包括了一些灵活的建议以促进建筑整体环境性能,包括室内空气环境和舒适度、可再生能源、节水性、废物减少、公共交通、超出最低标准的等级以及环境管理措施。

一般信息

规范的全称

Singapore: Code for Environmental Sustainability of Buildings

颁布年份

2008

实施时间

Tuesday, April 1, 2008

主管机关

Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and the Building and Construction Authority (BCA).

连接

http://www.bca.gov.sg/envSuslegislation/others/env_Sus_Code.pdf

规范恢复

地理位置覆盖

新加坡

规范设置在:

全国 水平

范围

建筑规范的范围:

  • 住宅建筑
    • 单户
    • 多户建筑
      • Slightly different requirements for buildings with a mixed use.
  • Commercial buildings
    • 写字楼
    • 零售与批发
    • 酒店
    • Hospitals
    • 教学楼
    • Green Mark Platinum award is the highest award under the BCA Green Mark Scheme. A typical Platinum will need to score at least 90 points and they will be at least 43% more efficient as compared to 2005 standard.
  • Public buildings
    • Offices
    • 医院
    • Educational buildings

GBPN气候分类:

  • 制冷型
  • 温暖潮湿

建筑规范的类型

建筑规范的类型:

  • 样板规范、框架或实际规范:
    National 'certification scheme' code. The environmental sustainability standard of building development is determined by the level of environmental performance and the numerical scores (i.e Green Mark points) achieved in accordance with the degree of compliance with the applicable criteria using the scoring methodology as specified in the code.
  • 法条规范:
    Energy performance criteria are addressed by the level of environmental performance outlined according to a points based system, which will allow a project to decide which efficiency initiatives should be included in order to meet the 50 point minimum requirement. The code does include some mandatory prescriptive elements for both building types, including thermal envelope performance, HVAC efficiency, lighting, air-tightness and sub-metering.
  • 能耗声明:
    Partially, there is no energy declaration requirements for buildings upon completion. However, building owners of existing buildings are required to submit their building information annually to BCA under the Environmental Sustainability regulation of our Building Control Act. The energy data of these buildings would be drawn directly from the utility suppliers.

涉及的能源

能源要求的基础:

  • 总体性能框架
  • 一次能源
  • 寿命周期评估(隐含能源):
    Partially, Building Energy Efficiency Master Plan (BEEMP) “contains programs and measures that span the whole life cycle of a building” and are apportioned among six programs.

建筑规范包括的能源消耗和功能:

  • 制冷
  • 除湿
  • 通风
  • 热桥
  • 热水
  • 建筑物组成部分(电梯、水泵等)
  • 技术装置
  • 照明
  • 建筑的设计、位置和朝向
  • 热量回收
  • 被动式太阳能
  • Passive cooling
  • 自然通风
  • 遮阳
  • 日光照明要求
  • 可再生能源 (太阳能、光伏等):
    Encourage the use of renewable energy sources in buildings, 20 bonus points can be obtainable through incorporating renewable energy in both residential and non-residential buildings.

实施

建筑规范的实施情况:

强制性执行

实施类型:

  • 本地执行
  • 中央执行
  • 申请人认证
  • 入住后控制

现场检查发生

  • 施工期间
  • 竣工后
  • 入住后

支持规范实施的认证:

  • 能耗性能证书(EPC)支持建筑规范
  • 超出最低建筑规范要求的建筑标识
  • 能源补偿/绿色证书
    • 通过认证的建筑数量:
      232
  • 暖通空调系统检验

不合规的惩罚:

  • Fine
  • 拒发入住许可
  • 拒发施工许可

支持实施的措施:

  • 调试要求
  • 强制计算机建模模拟
  • 检验人员培训

新建筑值

Residential Buildings - Non Air-Conditioned

GBPN气候分类

制冷型

Coefficient for Comparison of Climate Zones

0.00

中值最小最大
采暖度日 (°C)000
制冷度日 (°C)356835683568

湿度

70-80%

U值 (W/m²K)
屋顶0.8屋顶21.5
-墙2-
地面-地面2-
窗户-窗户2-
其他---
整体U值---
窗户1窗户2
G 值 / 太阳得热系数--
可视传输--
百分比--

其他要求设定:

  • 高效照明

Non-Residential Building - Air Conditioned

GBPN气候分类

制冷型

Coefficient for Comparison of Climate Zones

0.00

中值最小最大
采暖度日 (°C)000
制冷度日 (°C)356835683568

湿度

70-80%

U值 (W/m²K)
屋顶0.5屋顶21.2
-墙2-
地面-地面2-
窗户-窗户2-
其他---
整体U值---
窗户1窗户2
G 值 / 太阳得热系数--
可视传输--
百分比--

其他要求设定:

  • 通风,通风设备:
    Minimum efficiency requirements of the air-conditioning system in Commercial buildings
  • 暖通空调技术系统
  • 高效照明

Non-Residential Buildings - Non Air-conditioned

GBPN气候分类

制冷型

Coefficient for Comparison of Climate Zones

0.00

中值最小最大
采暖度日 (°C)000
制冷度日 (°C)356835683568

湿度

70-80%

U值 (W/m²K)
屋顶0.8屋顶21.5
-墙2-
地面-地面2-
窗户-窗户2-
其他---
整体U值---
窗户1窗户2
G 值 / 太阳得热系数--
可视传输--
百分比--

其他要求设定:

  • 高效照明

规范历史和未来目标

设定要求的一般流程:

  • 未来目标制定提前多长时间?:
    2030
  • 利益团体提前很多时间得到未来目标的通知。

零能耗目标:

  • 不包括所有的终端用能设备
  • 准备好现实的路线图:
    First and Second Green Building Master Plan. The first master plan emphasized greening new buildings and major renovations, the second develops a road map covering new buildings, existing buildings, and “beyond” buildings 
  • 全国达到近零能耗目标日期:
    Partially, Greening” 80% of its buildings by 2030.
  • 公共建筑特殊要求:
    All new public building with air-conditioning areas more than 5,000m2 will need to achieve Green Mark Platinum and all existing public building with air-conditioning areas more than 10,000m2 will need to achieve Green Mark GoldPlus by 2020.

较早规范数量

0

超过最低标准的现行水平(现行规范)

3

多重数据组:

  • Levels beyond minimum:
    3
  • Year historic or aspirational codes (planned) :
    2012
  • Baseline (actual code if nothing else):
    1990
  • 预期能耗的实际消耗
    • Relative target in percent:
      0
  • Primary Energy Performance Frame Residential:
    50 point Green Mark score
    Minimum 50 point Green Mark score, Green Mark Certified rating.
  • Primary Energy Performance Frame Non-Residential :
    50 point Green Mark score.
    Minimum 50 point Green Mark score, Green Mark Certified rating.

支持措施

是否有 鼓励人们超最低要求的激励措施/奖励?

Building Retrofit Energy Efficiency Financing (BREEF) Scheme - provides credit facilities for commercial building owners, MCSTs and Energy Services Companies to carry out energy efficiency retrofits under an Energy Performance Contract arrangement, Enhanced Green Mark Incentive Scheme for New Buildings (GMIS-NB), Green Mark Gross Floor Area Incentive Scheme (GM-GFA), Green Mark Incentive Scheme - Design Prototype (GMIS-DP) and Green Mark Incentive Scheme for Existing Buildings (GMIS-EB).

利益相关群体参与规范制定

Key stakeholders are sought at the code drafting stage, pre-launch stage and after code has been launched, Such industry perspectives are usually co-ordinated by the Spring Singapore Standard or the statutory board concerned.

在规范实施后提供给利益相关群体的培训水平?

Industry associations like IES, PEB, SEAS or academic institutions like SEI, BCAA, polytechnics normally may run courses/briefings to help the industry practitioners keep abreast with the new code developments/amendments.

向普通大众提供合适的信息

Appropriate information is provided to the public.

支持认证计划

The Singapore government has released a green building certification program called Green Mark. It encompasses new and existing buildings in both the residential and commercial sectors and has five main assessment criteria: 1. Energy efficiency 2. Water efficiency  3. Environmental Protection  4. Indoor Environmental Quality 5. Other.  10-30% energy savings.

规范是否免费获取?

http://www.bca.gov.sg/envSuslegislation/others/env_Sus_Code.pdf