新南威尔士州

总结、概要

BASIX建筑可持续性指标是一项对全国的住宅建筑和综合建筑的强制要求。建筑能效标准可在线查询,其中包括了对不同地域特定体系建筑的规范要求和能效要求。 这个工具可根据其设计预估温室气体排放量、用水量和热舒适度,并根据与已有相似建筑比较给以打分。这个指标包括了暖通空调的节能标准、热水和照明。

新南威尔士是第一个采用地域性可持续指标的州,并被当地政府称为是“澳大利亚最可靠的可持续规划措施之一”。指标和评分系统包含了一系列动态的因素促进其建筑节能,其中包括:不同地域建筑性能目标不同,主要能源消耗和温室气体排放的计算,指定区域调整荷载下的供热和制冷负荷,鼓励生态设计和采用可再生能源系统。同时性能监测的实施也保证了BASIX政策可实现其长远的环境目标。

一般信息

规范的全称

BASIX: Single Dwelling, Multi-Unit & Additions/Alterations.

颁布年份

2006

实施时间

Saturday, July 1, 2006

主管机关

Department of Planning & Infrastructure.

连接

https://www.basix.nsw.gov.au/information/about.jsp

链接至相关网页

https://www.basix.nsw.gov.au/information/about.jsp

规范恢复

地理位置覆盖

新南威尔士州

规范设置在:

地区/州/省 水平

范围

建筑规范的范围:

  • 住宅建筑
    • 单户
    • 多户建筑
  • Commercial buildings
    • 零售与批发

GBPN气候分类:

  • 混合式:
    Mixed climate, (3 prescribed climate zones)

建筑规范的类型

建筑规范的类型:

  • 样板规范、框架或实际规范:
    State of NSW code, BASIX is required for all developments which contain new residential dwellings or alterations and additions to a dwelling. . A dwelling is defined as 'a room or suite of rooms occupied or used or so constructed or adapted as to be capable of being occupied or used as a separate domicile'.
  • 法条规范:
    The index includes elements that become prescribed once chosen from the online index. A BASIX certificate must accompany any application for development approval, complying development certificate or construction certificate. The selections made by the applicant in the BASIX online assessment tool, shown as commitments on the BASIX certificate, become prescribed (regulatory) conditions with the granting of consent (building approval).
  • 翻新建筑性能规范
  • 新建建筑性能规范:
    The performance targets vary according to the location of the building. Primary energy use is calculated using software in KWh for electricity and Mj for gas, and then converted to CO2 emissions using NSW GHG intensity figures for the appropriate fuel source.
  • 样板/参考建筑

涉及的能源

能源要求的基础:

  • 总体性能框架:
    "The BASIX Energy performance target vary, depending on the type and location of the building. These variations ensure BASIX remains cost-effective and fair to everyone. Over 80% of all new homes will have to meet the maximum Energy targets. • The average greenhouse gas reduction for all building types across NSW will be 36%. The BASIX Energy section assesses these main energy uses, including the loads from Thermal Comfort, and is a more meaningful indicator of the dwelling’s overall energy performance."
  • 一次能源:
    Primary energy use, in KWh for electricity and Mj for gas, are calculated in the software and then converted to CO2e using NSW GHG intensity figures for the appropriate fuel source.
  • 寿命周期评估(隐含能源):
    Research is been undertaken at this stage.

建筑规范包括的能源消耗和功能:

  • 供暖
  • 制冷
  • 通风
  • 热桥
  • 热水
  • 照明
  • 建筑的设计、位置和朝向
  • 热量回收
  • Passive cooling
  • 自然通风
  • 遮阳
  • 日光照明要求
  • 可再生能源 (太阳能、光伏等):
    Rated electrical output of photovoltaic system (peak kW,) solar hot water system requirements. Rebate schemes available for solar and heat pump hot water systems.

实施

建筑规范的实施情况:

强制性执行

实施类型:

  • 本地执行
  • 入住后控制

现场检查发生

  • 施工期间
  • 竣工后

支持规范实施的认证:

  • 能耗性能证书(EPC)支持建筑规范

不合规的惩罚:

  • Fine
  • 拒发入住许可
  • 拒发施工许可

支持实施的措施:

  • 调试要求
  • 强制计算机建模模拟
  • 检验人员培训

新建筑值

All buildings

GBPN气候分类

混合式

Coefficient for Comparison of Climate Zones

0.00

中值最小最大
采暖度日 (°C)661--
制冷度日 (°C)882--
U值 (W/m²K)
屋顶0.4屋顶2-
0.52墙2-
地面0.66地面2-
窗户-窗户2-
其他---
整体U值---
窗户1窗户2
G 值 / 太阳得热系数0.42-
可视传输--
百分比--

其他要求设定:

  • Thermal bridge demands
  • 通风,通风设备:
    The BASIX system encourages the use natural ventilation first and foremost, then most efficient systems are suggesed consecutively thereafter.
  • Domestic Hot Water COP - Heat Pump:
    The BASIX system encourages selecting efficient systems, most efficient individual hot water system to install is solar.
  • Value for airtightness:
    Only BCA requirements, air barrier/sealing etc. No ACH requirements or testing.
  • 热回收
  • 暖通空调技术系统

规范历史和未来目标

设定要求的一般流程:

  • 未来目标制定提前多长时间?:
    Between 0- 20 years

零能耗目标:

  • 不包括所有的终端用能设备
  • 没有准备好现实的路线图:
    No, this is a Federal Government issue.
  • 全国达到近零能耗目标日期:
    The NSW State plan aims to protect the environment through cleaner air and progress on greenhouse gas reductions (Priority E3). This s includes a target to achieve a 60 percent cut in greenhouse emissions by 2050 and a return to year 2000 greenhouse gas emission levels by 2025.
  • 公共建筑特殊要求:
    Environmental performance and energy efficiency requirements for public buildings, including mandatory NABERS ratings.
  • 链接

较早规范数量

2006

多重数据组:

  • Levels beyond minimum:
    Various discussions have been held in the past with industry groups regarding options to voluntarily promote ‘over-compliance.
  • Year historic or aspirational codes (planned) :
    2006
  • Baseline (actual code if nothing else):
    2003
  • 预期能耗的实际消耗
    • Comments:
      No information available
  • Primary Energy Performance Frame Residential:
    Approx. 40% less CO2 emissions, targets are also been currently reviewed, 2013-14.

支持措施

是否有 鼓励人们超最低要求的激励措施/奖励?

No such scheme presently in place, but could be introduced if supported by policy decision. This is a policy area for the 2013-14 review period.

利益相关群体参与规范制定

BASIX is developed in close consultation with the building industry, non-government organisations and local government.

在规范实施后提供给利益相关群体的培训水平?

Significant industry training was provided through 2004-2006 as BASIX was rolled out. Further information is provided online through the BASIX help notes and for direct enquires through an email/phone help desk. Various professional bodies, including AIBS, AIA, PIA and ABSA conduct training/PDP sessions for their members.

向普通大众提供合适的信息

BASIX eNews (to approx 6000 subscribers), online help notes and publications, other eNews publications by the Dept. of Planking and Building Professionals Board. The BASIX website, https://www.basix.nsw.gov.au/information/about.jsp

确保能力的教育系统

Yes.

规范是否免费获取?

https://www.basix.nsw.gov.au/information/about.jsp