Indonesia

Indonesia, as the fourth most populated country in the world and as a rapidly emerging economy faces many social and environmental challenges. Heavy reliance on fossil fuel, locally and via imports and a spiking energy usage make Indonesia today one of the largest carbon emitting countries in the world.

The building sector, with about 40% of final energy usage faces in particular challenges due to the rapid and poorly regulated development and urbanization. However, there are cost-effective working examples of how to reduce a building's carbon footprint while maintaining high comfort levels through better energy management (energy efficiency and renewable energies) and sustainable constructions. Within the pandemic context, addressing problems such as health and environmental impact in built infrastructures seems more relevant than ever, and this situation could be an opportunity for transformative, deep and lasting change in the building sector.  

GBPN in Indonesia

There’s an urgent need to fast forward the implementation of high energy efficient and low carbon emission buildings in Indonesia. To link and strengthen the existing building policies, it is necessary to coordinate actions and develop sound strategies that would public and private entities to cooperate toward achieving their GHG mitigation commitments (Paris Agreement, INDC) , while increasing economic and social benefits of the country. GBPN is organizing building experts from different backgrounds who share the same passion and goal to assist Indonesia transition toward a low carbon future, with a focus on the building sector.

To achieve those goals, GBPN’s activities in Indonesia are following:

Establishment of the HIDUP

The HIDUP (High-Performance Indonesia Decarbonization United-Leadership Policy-Advisory-Group), is a multi-level working group, composed of building experts from both public and private entities at national and regional levels (with a focus on Jakarta, Bali and Yogyakarta), that aim to foster the development and operational implementation of energy efficient and low carbon building policies.

To do so, HIDUP activities include, but are not limited to:

  • The assessment, review and challenge of current regulatory frame (building codes), at national and regional level, and their potential and limits to drive a building market shift toward a low carbon one

  • The development of strategies for national and regional public entities to improve and enforce their building codes

  • The establishment of Investment Grade Climate Change Policy to support strategies implementations and support the transition toward a low carbon economy

Strategic Liaison and Industry Intelligence

Indonesia is blessed with many initiatives, associations, and organizations both within the public and private sector, that are involved with the transition toward a more sustainable and low carbon building sector. One of the activities of GBPN in Indonesia, through HIDUP, will be to coordinate and strengthen cooperation between these multi-level parties, to efficiently and impactfully transform the building sector.

Activities as part of the Strategic Liaison and Industry Intelligence will include advisory works, awareness raising, capacity building and promotion of activities, that all support the building sector positive transformations.

As part of its Strategic Liaison and Industry Intelligence, since the beginning of 2020, GBPN has already establish partnerships with the Green Building Council of Indonesia (GBCI) and the Indonesian Institution of Architects (IAI).

Country specific reports & programs

There have been several studies and programs initiated through the years, both by local and international entities, and aiming to assist Indonesia improve its building’s sector, code and associated regulations, through physical pilots implementation, and with the end-goal of better managing energy usage and environmental impact.

Among others, a few studies and programs:

  • The International Finance Corporation (IFCF) has been active for nearly 10 years in supporting the Indonesian government through the “Green Building Program”, and with noticeable key results such as (1) the “National GreenBuilding Toolkit” with the Ministry of Public Works and Social Housing, to assist the adoption of National Green Building policy at the local level, (2) the EDGE application and (3) initiate setting up green bonds for green buildings projects through the bank OCBC NSP. 

  • The EEB Laboratory Jakarta – Energy Efficiency in Buildings 2016. An initiative brought a diverse groups of stakeholders together to come up with practical strategies for reducing energy  consumption in buildings. This report summarizes their findings. 

  • The Green Area Prototype and Low Energy Housing program, from the Research and Development Agency of the Indonesian Ministry of Public Works, and aiming to (1) demonstrate the feasibility of new cost-effective energy efficient new building design (2) evaluate financial incentives required for the local building market to shift toward low energy usage housings

  • The Eco-District and Low Carbon Eco District programs, from the French ADEME and AFD, with a multi-scale reflection (city, district, building) on how to develop a more sustainable and transverse approach for a low carbon urban development in Indonesian cities, through policies reforms, regulations enforcements and physical implementations.

  • The World Bank is currently developing a Regulatory Assessment, Market Scoping, and Economic Analysis: Study on Using the Climate Auction Model to Catalyze Energy and Resource Efficient Buildings in Indonesia

Contact 

Mei Batubara +628118772649 | mei.batubara@gbpn.org

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