A stark challenge faces India. The enormity of the country and pace of the current construction boom mean that India could experience a 700% increase in CO2 emissions and energy consumption in buildings by 2050 (compared to 2005 levels). These levels are unsustainable and threaten India’s energy security. GBPN’s new report “Mitigation Potential from India’s Buildings” offers a rigorous examination of the current political settings relating to energy efficiency in India. The report recommends policy options that are available to the Indian government and all stakeholders to prevent the enormity of the predicted energy growth in India's building sector from becoming a reality.
India is in the midst of an unprecedented construction boom, with the total floor area expected to increase four-fold by 2050, particularly in urban residential buildings. This will affect overall energy consumption and CO2 emissions and have a considerable impact on energy and climate change policies at national as well as global levels due to the size of India.
As this report details, there are a range of actions being taken by the government and practitioners to address these issues yet they are not stringent enough. Rate of urbanization, lack of performance data, and India’s cultural and economic complexity presents a unique set of challenges.