The government of Singapore adopted the first building energy standards in 1979. The standards addressed thermal performance of the envelope as well as building controls (ventilation, cooling and lighting). Singapore’s more recent mandatory building energy code is Code for Environmental Sustainability of Buildings (the 2008 Building Control Act). The code largely adopted the minimum standards of the voluntary green building rating system, the Green Mark Scheme, originally introduced in 2005.
Exact Start Year
Start Year Range
Revision Schedule Explanation
The Singapore energy code requirements have been revised several times since the 1st version was adopted in 1979. In 1989, a revision to the energy code was made. And In 1999, three codes of practice for buildings were updated: (1) Code of Practice for Energy Efficiency Standard for Building Services and Equipment, Singapore Standard CP24 (2) Code of Practice for Mechanical Ventilation and Air-conditioning in Buildings, CP13 and (3) Code of Practice for Artificial Lighting in Buildings, CP38.
|Existing Code Coverage|
The national government reviews energy audit reports and develops benchmarks and policies. Third-party assessors ensure that buildings are up to code.
|Compliance Checking on Design|
|Compliance Checking on Construction|
|Compliance Checking on Pre-Occupancy|
|Air Tightness testing|
|Commissioning before occupancy|
|Commissioning after occupancy|
|Compliance Software Residential|
Singapore has a detailed guidebook for enforcement of its energy code. In addition, since introducing performance-based compliance in 2000, software-based tools have appeared, such as those developed by the National University of Singapore (NUS).
|Compliance Software Non-Residential|
|Penalties for non-compliance|
Fines can be applied for non-compliance
|Incentives and Recognition program for compliance|
Singapore offers subsidies, grants and financing for building upgrades, such as Energy Efficiency Improvement Assistance Scheme (EASe) (up tp S$200,000, or about US $150,000 per facility or building); Grant for Energy Efficient Technologies; Design for Efficiency (DfE) Scheme; Innovation for Environmental Sustainability (IES) Fund; ehe Building Retrofit Energy Efficiency Financing (BREEF) scheme.
|Compliance Rate monitoring|
|Compliance Rate Publicised|
|Compliance Lessons Learned|
|Compliance Energy Use Statistics|
|Compliance Rate in %|
Singapore has a number of programs to build the capacity of stakeholders (government professionals, inspectors, designers, construction engineers) on building energy efficiency, such as Singapore Certified Energy Manager Programme & Training Grant, the National Energy Efficiency Conference, Green Mark Specialist Certification, Executive Development & Degree Programs.
|Building Materials Ratings|
Singapore has a system to test, rate and label building materials for their energy properties. The Ministry of Environment launched the Singapore Green Labelling Scheme (SGLS) in 1992, which is now administered by the Singapore Environment Council (SEC). SGLS labels bricks, tiles, insulation, windows and many types of other materials (http://www.sgls.sec.org.sg/index.php).
Since 2013, all buildings must annually submit general building information and energy consumption data (from utilities) to the Buildings Control Authority. Singapore has a mandatory Green Mark certification in place.