UK

Link to full info sheet as PDF

Code Development

Summary

Each constituent part of the UK (England Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) sets its own requirements. England and Wales first included energy conservation in building regulations in 1976, whereas Scotland and Northern Ireland introduced such regulations later, 2003 and 2006, respectively. As a member of the European Union, the United Kingdom must comply with the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD). England and Wales, Scotland as well as Northern Ireland are responsible for incorporating European directives at their own national levels.

Start Year

Exact Start Year

1976

Start Year Range

< 1980

Revision Schedule

Yes, a revision schedule exists

Revision Schedule Explanation

England and Wales plan to issue their next building regulation revisions in 2016. Scotland has created a panel in to advise on the development of a low carbon building standards strategy to increase energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions.

Existing Code Coverage

  • Commercial
  • Residential
Stakeholder Engagement

  • Working group
  • Technical Committee
  • Websites
  • Public Meeting or Conference or Newsletter
Best Practices

Code Implementation - Compliance & Enforcement

Administrative/Enforcement Structures

Local authorities oversee compliance with building regulations and target emission rates. Third parties submit reports with calculations showing compliance.

Compliance Checking on Design

Yes, compliance is checked on Design

Compliance Checking on Construction

Yes, compliance is checked on Construction

Compliance Checking on Pre-Occupancy

NA, compliance varies by jurisdiction – refer to country information sheet for details

Air Tightness testing

Yes, Air Tightness is tested

Commissioning before occupancy

Yes, commissioning is happening before occupancy

Commissioning after occupancy

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Software Residential

Yes, Software exists

Name of Software

EES Design SAP 2012, NHER Plan Assessor, FSAP 2012

Short description

For England and Wales, the Government and the Building Research Establishment have developed the Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP) methodology (for dwellings with a total floor area up to 450 m2). These methodologies include software for rating of buildings in England and Wales (not available for Scotland and Northern Ireland).

Compliance Software Non-Residential

Yes, Software exists

Name of Software

Simplified Building Energy Model (SBEM) Methodology

Short description

For England and Wales, the Government and the Building Research Establishment have developed the Simplified Building Energy Model (SBEM) methodology (for offices and retail units through to schools, hospitals, hotels, warehouses and airport terminals, amongst many others). (Description of SAP is available here http://www.bre.co.uk/filelibrary/SAP/2012/SAP2012_9-92_software.pdf). These methodologies include software for rating of buildings in England and Wales (not available for Scotland and Northern Ireland).

Penalties for non-compliance

  • Refusal Permission to construct
  • Other

Other penalties

Fines

Incentives and Recognition program for compliance

  • End User Program
  • Awards/Grants/Tax Breaks
  • Finance/Loans/Ratings

Short description

Dwellings constructed to achieve net carbon emissions of zero over the year are exempt from stamp duty tax. 

Compliance Rate monitoring

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Rate Publicised

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Lessons Learned

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Energy Use Statistics

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Compliance Rate in %

NA, Check Country Information Sheet for details

Capacity Building and Education

Awareness Raising

  • Awareness raising
  • Resourse kits
  • Compliance Training
  • Online resources -
  • Professional Curriculum

Short description

The regional governments have worked with professional bodies, trade associations and accreditation schemes to ensure a smooth implementation process. Local authority building control is a not-for-profit membership organisation that represents all local authority building control teams in England and Wales. The Zero Energy Hub provides on-line resources and guidance on implementing the UK Zero Carbon homes policies.

Building materials

Building Materials Ratings

  • Reference standards included in codes
  • Tested by certified test labs

Short description

The UK follows European Union building material standards, CE marking. CE marking is mandatory for all building materials and covers aspects of energy performance. The EU’s Enterprise Directorate General launched a program to standardize evaluation of construction materials for their energy and environmental qualities.

Energy Performance Certificates

EPC Implementation

  • EPCs are referred to in codes -

Short description

Building codes in the UK reference energy performance certificates (EPCs). The UK has adopted the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) and mandated EPBD EPC requirements in line with the European standards.